Skip to main content

CSS, Master Pages and Layouts Oh My...

Master Pages, Page Layouts, and CSS are the building blocks of SharePoint. Understanding the In's and Out's of all of these might require a Master's degree. But don't worry we have tools to make this process allot easier.

image I guess you could think of SharePoint as a house. To build this house, we need to start with a foundation (Master Page).

As we start building we plan out the different rooms in the house and the layout (Page Layouts).

Finally once we get the plumbing and electrical in (Controls/Webparts) we take out the paint brushes and start designing the look and feel.(CSS)

Within the Master Page's Head is where the default CSS file is referenced. <SharePoint:CssLink runat="server"/> also within the master page is where main content placeholder is referenced. This main content placeholder is the Page Layout for publishing sites.

<asp:ContentPlaceHolder id="PlaceHolderMain" runat="server">
</asp:ContentPlaceHolder>

Within the Master Page the primary CSS classes are defined. However since content and user controls are defined in here as well some of the classes that make up that control are defined outside of this master page. This becomes important when you are creating your own custom classes to be used in a alternate style sheet.

You can now add in your own HTML and javascript but be careful not to delete any required control that is needed to build the page.

Once you have your alternate CSS file referenced, in the head of the master page:
<SharePoint:CssRegistration name="<% $SPUrl:~SiteCollection/Style Library/custom.css%>" runat="server"/>
you can add in your custom classes and referenced the Background images within those classes.

The page layouts get a little tricky but with SharePoint Designer it gives your some helpful drop downs and intellisense to help make new zones and other controls easier.

I am not saying that you will be able to go out and build a Million dollar home in your first try. But if you are just starting out, I would recommend that your start small, possibly a doll house or a garden shed. Make sure that you do this in a development environment and not your production boxes.

< Best of luck and happy coding! />

Comments

magnus said…
Hello,
How would I add larger spacing/margin between the web parts using CSS?

Is this done by modifying zones? page layouts? master page?

Popular posts from this blog

How To: Hide Left Side Navigation on Home Page

I was recently asked: "How can I hide the side nav bar on the main homepage layout ?? I want to be able to use the side NAV with in the team site etc etc, but I don't want it on the front page.. " There are a couple of ways to do this in SharePoint 2010. If you are using a non-publishing site you can add a Content Editor Web Part to the page and add the following to the HTML Source.
<Style>
body #s4-leftpanel
{
display: none;
}
.s4-ca
{
margin-left: 0px;
}
</style>
Basically the CSS above hides the left navigation Div, and then sets the content area to not have a left margin. Once you are done, simply modify the web part and hide it on the page. If you are using a publishing site for your homepage simply add the same styles specified above to a custom page layout. That way if you have a need for other pages that do not need the left side navigation you can re-use the page layout.

SharePoint 2010 Base CSS Classes

This will be the first of many SharePoint 2010 posts. I will be focusing on a few of the main CSS classes used for SharePoint 2010 Public Beta. As the product becomes more final there might be some changes to the class names but I will be sure to create a new post if that happens. This will be quite a lengthy but it should be helpful. The default CSS given below are just highlights of the full CSS attributes for that class.I will be using a basic team site as my base for the screenshots. Here is a basic structure of the main areas that I will cover.Ribbon RowTable Row Left Site Actions Navigate Up Edit Tab List Browse Page Table Row Right Give Feedback Welcome Menu WorkspaceBody Container Title Row Title Title Logo Title Text / BreadcrumbPage DescriptionSocial Data SeparatorI like It Tags/Notes Top Header 2/Top Links li Static-Selected li Static SearchHelpStatus Bar Container Main A…

Small Calendar for SharePoint 2010 & 2013

First off I would like to apologize for the lack of posts. I have been really busy with my new role as the UX Design lead within Slalom Consulting Boston. I will share more about that in another post. In a previous post Create Really Small Calendar I showcased how to do this for SharePoint 2007. However the 2010 and 2013 calendar views have changed and therefore we cannot use the same method or CSS as 2007.SharePoint 2010 Small Calendar:
SharePoint 2013 Small Calendar:
See video below for a video walk through on how to create a small calendar for SharePoint 2010 and & SharePoint 2013 with just CSS.Per the video above here is the code that I referenced:2010 CSS link reference in Master Page:
<SharePoint:CssRegistration name="<% $SPUrl:~sitecollection/Style Library/smallcalendar.css %>" After="corev4.css" runat="server"/>2010 CSS:
/**** Small Calendar ***/
.ms-acal-item{height: 10px !important;}
.ms-acal-sdiv,
.ms-acal-mdiv,
.ms-…